c) The latest east Jewish dialects share numerous keeps: greatest be concerned (1), change regarding [Theta] to at least one (4), reinterpretation away from verb class due to the fact profile (5), and you can reflexive pronouns according to nos- (17). Talking about areal provides and therefore span might divide between Halabja for the one hand and Koy Sanjaq and you will Azerbaijan into the most other. This is simply not clear in which dialect all of them originates, however they are probably lent in one to the other people rather than passed down in common.
These types of about three major clusters away from isoglosses show just a small region of facts which will be taken to bear towards the taxonomy of the NENA dialects. Hoberman (1988, 573), using evidence regarding pronouns, demonstrates the presence of a northern Iraqi dialect group (here portrayed of the Zakho, Tisqopa, and you will Aradhin) which can’t be identified using the minimal study showed right here. All it takes now’s each other heavier definitions of your own dialects already noted, so more common and pinpointing qualities can be found, as well as have field-work to checklist the countless dialects that are to the brink out-of extinction.
step one Many thanks are due to those who shared research and you will suggestions, eg Gene Gragg, Robert Hoberman, and you can Jo Rubba. Elizabeth.H. summer stipend.
Instance, f and you may grams was employed within the terms and conditions like etrog 'citron’ and you can sefer 'scroll of your own law’, where about passed down Aramaic code f might have getting p and you may g would have vanished
step 3 Garbell (1964, 100-103) states that audio system regarding Jewish Azerbaiaic regarding Kurdish. The woman number 1 facts for this is the enunciation regarding Hebrew financing-terms and conditions inside dialect. Hebrew loanwords in the Jewish Azerbaijani preserve specific musical which have been erased otherwise matched with others in the common Neo-Aramaic vocabulary. Garbell states why these retentions show these particular Hebrew terms was indeed lent in the first place when you look at the Kurdish, which a small grouping of Kurdish sound system afterwards managed to move on so you’re able to Neo-Aramaic. It appears to be more likely your Hebrew elements from the dialect don’t be involved in the latest sound changes in question on account of the latest unique spiritual check in that it fall in. They could need altered right after which started restored for the base of your own conventional pronunciation from nearby teams.
4 An elevated + suggests that the following word is obvious towards the suprasegmental feature ’emphasis’ that’s discover to some degree in every NENA languages https://datingranking.net/cs/ohlala-recenze/. Phonetically, stress is cutting-edge, however, the number 1 parts was velarization, and it is tend to caused by the existence of the brand new emphatic consonants t and s.
eight Throughout the dialect from Tyari [Theta] often will get s. Which dialect, which had been verbal in advance of 1915 within the a community away from Hakkari, is not talked about right here given that materials with it is actually lack of.
8 That isn’t obvious if or not this form can be found in the this new Halabja dialect. My personal informants from that point know it, but said it absolutely was so much more feature of neighboring city of Suleimaniya. Nevertheless, it’s not familiar in the dialect of Jews of Sanandaj.
nine Robert Hoberman ways to me that the NENA forms could possibly get currently have came from a keen unattested metathesized e[Theta]peel ezdi.
Boyarin, Daniel. 1981. When you look at the Bono Homini Donum: Essays when you look at the Historical Linguistics into the Memories out of J. Alexander Kerns, ed. Yoel L. Arbeitman and you will Allan R. Bomhard. Amsterdam Education about Principle and Reputation of Linguistic Technology, show IV. Most recent Situations during the Linguistic Idea sixteen. Part II, 613-forty two. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.
A query toward Formation of the Center Aramaic Languages
Garbell, Irene. 1964. Flat Terms and conditions and you may Syllables into the Jewish East This new Aramaic away from Persian Azerbaijan together with Continguous Districts (A problem of Multilingualism). In Education for the Egyptology and you can Linguistics honoring H. J. Polotsky, ed. H. B. Rosen, 86-103. Jerusalem: Israel Exploration Society.